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LinuxDig.com Request For Comments

RFC Number : 3085

Title : URN Namespace for NewsML Resources.






Network Working Group A. Coates
Request for Comments: 3085 Reuters
Category: Informational D. Allen
IPTC
D. Rivers-Moore
Rivcom
March 2001


URN Namespace for NewsML Resources

Status of this Memo

This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does
not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this
memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2001). All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

This document describes a URN (Uniform Resource Name) namespace for
identifying NewsML NewsItems. A NewsItem is an information resource
that is expressible as a NewsML element within a NewsML document
conforming to the NewsML Document Type Declaration (DTD) as defined
by the International Press Telecommunications Council (IPTC).

1. Introduction

NewsML is an XML format for packaging multimedia news resources. It
has been created under the auspices of the International Press
Telecommunications Council (IPTC), and version 1.0 was approved by
the IPTC on 6 October 2000.

The same logical NewsItem may exist in multiple physical locations.
The NewsML specification allows NewsItems to have multiple URLs, but
only a single URN. It is the latter which then uniquely names the
resource.

This namespace specification is for a formal namespace.

2. Specification Template

Namespace ID:

'newsml' requested.



Coates, et al. Informational [Page 1]

RFC 3085 URN Namespace for NewsML Resources March 2001


Registration Information:

Registration Version Number: 1
Registration Date: 2000-11-07

Declared registrant of the namespace:

David Allen
ho73@dial.pipex.com
IPTC
Royal Albert House
Sheet Street
Windsor
SL4 1BE

Declaration of structure:

The identifier has the following ABNF[6] specification:

NSS = ProviderId ':' DateId ':' NewsItemId ':' RevisionId Update
ProviderId = string
DateId = date
NewsItemId = string
RevisionId = posint
Update = 0*1( 'A' / 'U' )
date = century year month day
century = ( '0' posdig ) / ( posdig DIGIT )
year = 1*2DIGIT
month = ( 0 posdig ) / ( '1' ( '0' '1' '2' ) )
day = ( 0 posdig ) / ( ( '1' / '2' ) DIGIT ) / '30' / '31'
string = 1*char
char = ALPHA / DIGIT / symbol / escape
symbol = '(' / ')' / '+' / ',' / '-' / '.' / '=' / '@' / ';' /
'$' / '_' / '!' / '*' / '''
escape = '%' HEXDIG HEXDIG
posint = posdig *DIGIT
posdig = '1' / '2' / '3' / '4' / '5' / '6' / '7' / '8' / '9'

The ProviderId must be an Internet domain name, and must be owned
by the organisation creating the NewsML resource and allocating
the URN to it, at the date identified by the DateId.
DateId is a date in ISO 8601 Basic Format (CCYYMMDD), and must
correspond to a date at which the organisation allocating the
URN owned the domain name specified in the ProviderId.
The NewsItemId must be unique among all NewsItems emanating from
the same provider and having the same DateId.





Coates, et al. Informational [Page 2]

RFC 3085 URN Namespace for NewsML Resources March 2001


RevisionId is a positive integer indicating which revision of a
given NewsItem this is. Any positive integer may be used, but
it must always be the case that of two instances of a NewsItem
that have the same ProviderId, DateId and NewsItemId, the one
whose RevisionId has the larger value must be the more recent
revision. A RevisionId of 0 is not permitted.
If the NewsItem contains an 'Update' element or elements, then
Update must be set to 'U'. If the NewsItem consists only of a
replacement set of NewsManagement data, then Update must be set
to 'A'. If neither of these is the case, then Update must be
suppressed.

Relevant ancillary documentation:

None

Identifier uniqueness considerations:

The combination of ProviderId and DateId serves to uniquely
identify the organisation that is allocating the URN. That
organisation is responsible for ensuring the uniqueness of the
DateId/NewsItemId/RevisionId combination.

Identifier persistence considerations:

A NewsML URN may only be allocated by an organisation that owns an
Internet domain name. The URN identifies a date on which the
organisation owned that domain name. The combination of date
and domain name will serve to uniquely identify that
organisation for all time.

Process of identifier assignment:

The organisation identified by the ProviderId/DateId combination
is responsible for allocating a NewsItemId that is unique among
all those that it allocates with that DateId.

Process of identifier resolution:

NewsML providers are responsible for the provision of a URN
resolution service, if any, for NewsML URNs they have assigned
with a valid ProviderId/DateId combination.

Rules for Lexical Equivalence:

URNs are lexically equivalent if the ProviderId, DateId,
NewsItemId, and RevisionId are all identical (case-insensitive
comparison).



Coates, et al. Informational [Page 3]

RFC 3085 URN Namespace for NewsML Resources March 2001


Conformance with URN Syntax:

No special considerations beyond the syntax herein described.

Validation mechanism:

Organisations that allocate NewsML URNs are responsible for the
provision of a URN validation service, if any, for URNs they
have assigned with a valid ProviderId/DateId combination.

Scope:

Global

3. Examples

The following examples are representative of NewsML URNs, but may not
refer to actual resources.

urn:newsml:iptc.org:20001006:NewsMLv1.0:1
urn:newsml:reuters.com:20000206:
IIMFFH05643_2000-02-06_17-54-01_L06156584:1U

4. Security Considerations

There are no additional security considerations other than those
normally associated with the use and resolution of URNs in general.

References

[1] Rivers-Moore, D., 'NewsML Version 1.0 Functional Specification',
November 2000,
.

[2] Rivers-Moore, D., 'NewsML Version 1.0 DTD', November 2000,
.

[3] W3C, XML WG, 'Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0', February
1998, .

[4] Moats, R., 'URN Syntax', RFC 2141, May 1997.

[5] Daigle, L., van Gulik, D., Iannella, R. and P. Faltstrom, 'URN
Namespace Definition Mechanisms', RFC 2611, June 1999.

[6] Crocker, D. and P. Overell, 'Augmented BNF for Syntax
Specifications: ABNF', RFC 2234, November 1997.




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RFC 3085 URN Namespace for NewsML Resources March 2001


Authors' Addresses

Anthony B. Coates
Reuters
85 Fleet St
London EC4P 4AJ
United Kingdom

Phone: +44 20 75 42 21 65
EMail: tony.coates@reuters.com


David Allen
IPTC
Royal Albert House
Sheet Street
Windsor SL4 1BE
United Kingdom

Phone: +44 17 53 70 50 51
EMail: ho73@dial.pipex.com


Daniel Rivers-Moore
Rivcom
Lotmead Business Village
Swindon SN4 0UY
United Kingdom

Phone: +44 17 93 79 20 00
EMail: daniel.rivers-moore@rivcom.com




















Coates, et al. Informational [Page 5]

RFC 3085 URN Namespace for NewsML Resources March 2001


Full Copyright Statement

Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2001). All Rights Reserved.

This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this
document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of
developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be
followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than
English.

The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
'AS IS' basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING
TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION
HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Acknowledgement

Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the
Internet Society.



















Coates, et al. Informational [Page 6]





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