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LinuxDig.com Request For Comments

RFC Number : 3080

Title : The Blocks Extensible Exchange Protocol Core.






Network Working Group M. Rose
Request For Comments: 3080 Invisible Worlds, Inc.
Category: Standards Track March 2001


The Blocks Extensible Exchange Protocol Core

Status of this Memo

This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the 'Internet
Official Protocol Standards' (STD 1) for the standardization state
and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2001). All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

This memo describes a generic application protocol kernel for
connection-oriented, asynchronous interactions called the BEEP
(Blocks Extensible Exchange Protocol) core. BEEP permits
simultaneous and independent exchanges within the context of a single
application user-identity, supporting both textual and binary
messages.
























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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


Table of Contents

1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2. The BEEP Core . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.1 Roles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.1.1 Exchange Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.2 Messages and Frames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.2.1 Frame Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.2.1.1 Frame Header . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.2.1.2 Frame Payload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.2.1.3 Frame Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2.2.2 Frame Semantics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.2.2.1 Poorly-formed Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.3 Channel Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
2.3.1 Message Semantics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.3.1.1 The Greeting Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.3.1.2 The Start Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2.3.1.3 The Close Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
2.3.1.4 The OK Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
2.3.1.5 The Error Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
2.4 Session Establishment and Release . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
2.5 Transport Mappings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
2.5.1 Session Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
2.5.2 Message Exchange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
2.6 Asynchrony . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
2.6.1 Within a Single Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
2.6.2 Between Different Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
2.6.3 Pre-emptive Replies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
2.6.4 Interference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
2.7 Peer-to-Peer Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
3. Transport Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
3.1 The TLS Transport Security Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
3.1.1 Profile Identification and Initialization . . . . . . . . 34
3.1.2 Message Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
3.1.3 Message Semantics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
3.1.3.1 The Ready Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
3.1.3.2 The Proceed Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
4. User Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
4.1 The SASL Family of Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
4.1.1 Profile Identification and Initialization . . . . . . . . 39
4.1.2 Message Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
4.1.3 Message Semantics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
5. Registration Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
5.1 Profile Registration Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
5.2 Feature Registration Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
6. Initial Registrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
6.1 Registration: BEEP Channel Management . . . . . . . . . . 45
6.2 Registration: TLS Transport Security Profile . . . . . . . 45



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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


6.3 Registration: SASL Family of Profiles . . . . . . . . . . 46
6.4 Registration: application/beep+xml . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
7. DTDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
7.1 BEEP Channel Management DTD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
7.2 TLS Transport Security Profile DTD . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
7.3 SASL Family of Profiles DTD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
8. Reply Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
9. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Author's Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
A. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
B. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Full Copyright Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58






































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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


1. Introduction

This memo describes a generic application protocol kernel for
connection-oriented, asynchronous interactions called BEEP.

At BEEP's core is a framing mechanism that permits simultaneous and
independent exchanges of messages between peers. Messages are
arbitrary MIME [1] content, but are usually textual (structured using
XML [2]).

All exchanges occur in the context of a channel -- a binding to a
well-defined aspect of the application, such as transport security,
user authentication, or data exchange.

Each channel has an associated 'profile' that defines the syntax and
semantics of the messages exchanged. Implicit in the operation of
BEEP is the notion of channel management. In addition to defining
BEEP's channel management profile, this document defines:

o the TLS [3] transport security profile; and,

o the SASL [4] family of profiles.

Other profiles, such as those used for data exchange, are defined by
an application protocol designer.


























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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2. The BEEP Core

A BEEP session is mapped onto an underlying transport service. A
separate series of documents describe how a particular transport
service realizes a BEEP session. For example, [5] describes how a
BEEP session is mapped onto a single TCP [6] connection.

When a session is established, each BEEP peer advertises the profiles
it supports. Later on, during the creation of a channel, the client
supplies one or more proposed profiles for that channel. If the
server creates the channel, it selects one of the profiles and sends
it in a reply; otherwise, it may indicate that none of the profiles
are acceptable, and decline creation of the channel.

Channel usage falls into one of two categories:

initial tuning: these are used by profiles that perform
initialization once the BEEP session is established (e.g.,
negotiating the use of transport security); although several
exchanges may be required to perform the initialization, these
channels become inactive early in the BEEP session and remain so
for the duration.

continuous: these are used by profiles that support data exchange;
typically, these channels are created after the initial tuning
channels have gone quiet.

Note that because of their special nature, only one tuning channel
may be established at any given time; in contrast, BEEP allows
multiple data exchange channels to be simultaneously in use.





















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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2.1 Roles

Although BEEP is peer-to-peer, it is convenient to label each peer in
the context of the role it is performing at a given time:

o When a BEEP session is established, the peer that awaits new
connections is acting in the listening role, and the other peer,
which establishes a connection to the listener, is acting in the
initiating role. In the examples which follow, these are referred
to as 'L:' and 'I:', respectively.

o A BEEP peer starting an exchange is termed the client; similarly,
the other BEEP peer is termed the server. In the examples which
follow, these are referred to as 'C:' and 'S:', respectively.

Typically, a BEEP peer acting in the server role is also acting in a
listening role. However, because BEEP is peer-to-peer in nature, no
such requirement exists.

2.1.1 Exchange Styles

BEEP allows three styles of exchange:

MSG/RPY: the client sends a 'MSG' message asking the server to
perform some task, the server performs the task and replies with a
'RPY' message (termed a positive reply).

MSG/ERR: the client sends a 'MSG' message, the server does not
perform any task and replies with an 'ERR' message (termed a
negative reply).

MSG/ANS: the client sends a 'MSG' message, the server, during the
course of performing some task, replies with zero or more 'ANS'
messages, and, upon completion of the task, sends a 'NUL' message,
which signifies the end of the reply.

The first two styles are termed one-to-one exchanges, whilst the
third style is termed a one-to-many exchange.













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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2.2 Messages and Frames

A message is structured according to the rules of MIME. Accordingly,
each message may begin with 'entity-headers' (c.f., MIME's Section 3
[1]). If none, or only some, of the 'entity-headers' are present:

o the default 'Content-Type' is 'application/octet-stream'; and,

o the default 'Content-Transfer-Encoding' is 'binary'.

Normally, a message is sent in a single frame. However, it may be
convenient or necessary to segment a message into multiple frames
(e.g., if only part of a message is ready to be sent).

Each frame consists of a header, the payload, and a trailer. The
header and trailer are each represented using printable ASCII
characters and are terminated with a CRLF pair. Between the header
and the trailer is the payload, consisting of zero or more octets.

For example, here is a message contained in a single frame that
contains a payload of 120 octets spread over 5 lines (each line is
terminated with a CRLF pair):

C: MSG 0 1 . 52 120
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C:
C:
C:

C: END

In this example, note that the entire message is represented in a
single frame.


















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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2.2.1 Frame Syntax

The ABNF [7] for a frame is:

frame = data / mapping

data = header payload trailer

header = msg / rpy / err / ans / nul

msg = 'MSG' SP common CR LF
rpy = 'RPY' SP common CR LF
ans = 'ANS' SP common SP ansno CR LF
err = 'ERR' SP common CR LF
nul = 'NUL' SP common CR LF

common = channel SP msgno SP more SP seqno SP size
channel = 0..2147483647
msgno = 0..2147483647
more = '.' / '*'
seqno = 0..4294967295
size = 0..2147483647
ansno = 0..2147483647

payload = *OCTET

trailer = 'END' CR LF

mapping = ;; each transport mapping may define additional frames






















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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2.2.1.1 Frame Header

The frame header consists of a three-character keyword (one of:
'MSG', 'RPY', 'ERR', 'ANS', or 'NUL'), followed by zero or more
parameters. A single space character (decimal code 32, ' ')
separates each component. The header is terminated with a CRLF pair.

The channel number ('channel') must be a non-negative integer (in the
range 0..2147483647).

The message number ('msgno') must be a non-negative integer (in the
range 0..2147483647) and have a different value than all other 'MSG'
messages on the same channel for which a reply has not been
completely received.

The continuation indicator ('more', one of: decimal code 42, '*', or
decimal code 46, '.') specifies whether this is the final frame of
the message:

intermediate ('*'): at least one other frame follows for the
message; or,

complete ('.'): this frame completes the message.

The sequence number ('seqno') must be a non-negative integer (in the
range 0..4294967295) and specifies the sequence number of the first
octet in the payload, for the associated channel (c.f., Section
2.2.1.2).

The payload size ('size') must be a non-negative integer (in the
range 0..2147483647) and specifies the exact number of octets in the
payload. (This does not include either the header or trailer.)

Note that a frame may have an empty payload, e.g.,

S: RPY 0 1 * 287 20
S: ...
S: ...
S: END
S: RPY 0 1 . 307 0
S: END

The answer number ('ansno') must be a non-negative integer (in the
range 0..4294967295) and must have a different value than all other
answers in progress for the message being replied to.






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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


There are two kinds of frames: data and mapping. Each transport
mapping (c.f., Section 2.5) may define its own frames. For example,
[5] defines the SEQ frame. The remainder of this section discusses
data frames.

When a message is segmented and sent as several frames, those frames
must be sent sequentially, without any intervening frames from other
messages on the same channel. However, there are two exceptions:
first, no restriction is made with respect to the interleaving of
frames for other channels; and, second, in a one-to-many exchange,
multiple answers may be simultaneously in progress. Accordingly,
frames for 'ANS' messages may be interleaved on the same channel --
the answer number is used for collation, e.g.,

S: ANS 1 0 * 0 20 0
S: ...
S: ...
S: END
S: ANS 1 0 * 20 20 1
S: ...
S: ...
S: END
S: ANS 1 0 . 40 10 0
S: ...
S: END

which shows two 'ANS' messages interleaved on channel 1 as part of a
reply to message number 0. Note that the sequence number is advanced
for each frame sent on the channel, and is independent of the
messages sent in those frames.





















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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


There are several rules for identifying poorly-formed frames:

o if the header doesn't start with 'MSG', 'RPY', 'ERR', 'ANS', or
'NUL';

o if any of the parameters in the header cannot be determined or are
invalid (i.e., syntactically incorrect);

o if the value of the channel number doesn't refer to an existing
channel;

o if the header starts with 'MSG', and the message number refers to
a 'MSG' message that has been completely received but for which a
reply has not been completely sent;

o if the header doesn't start with 'MSG', and refers to a message
number for which a reply has already been completely received;

o if the header doesn't start with 'MSG', and refers to a message
number that has never been sent (except during session
establishment, c.f., Section 2.3.1.1);

o if the header starts with 'MSG', 'RPY', 'ERR', or 'ANS', and
refers to a message number for which at least one other frame has
been received, and the three-character keyword starting this frame
and the immediately-previous received frame for this message
number are not identical;

o if the header starts with 'NUL', and refers to a message number
for which at least one other frame has been received, and the
keyword of of the immediately-previous received frame for this
reply isn't 'ANS';

o if the continuation indicator of the previous frame received on
the same channel was intermediate ('*'), and its message number
isn't identical to this frame's message number;

o if the value of the sequence number doesn't correspond to the
expected value for the associated channel (c.f., Section 2.2.1.2);
or,

o if the header starts with 'NUL', and the continuation indicator is
intermediate ('*') or the payload size is non-zero.

If a frame is poorly-formed, then the session is terminated without
generating a response, and it is recommended that a diagnostic entry
be logged.




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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2.2.1.2 Frame Payload

The frame payload consists of zero or more octets.

Every payload octet sent in each direction on a channel has an
associated sequence number. Numbering of payload octets within a
frame is such that the first payload octet is the lowest numbered,
and the following payload octets are numbered consecutively. (When a
channel is created, the sequence number associated with the first
payload octet of the first frame is 0.)

The actual sequence number space is finite, though very large,
ranging from 0..4294967295 (2**32 - 1). Since the space is finite,
all arithmetic dealing with sequence numbers is performed modulo
2**32. This unsigned arithmetic preserves the relationship of
sequence numbers as they cycle from 2**32 - 1 to 0 again. Consult
Sections 2 through 5 of [8] for a discussion of the arithmetic
properties of sequence numbers.

When receiving a frame, the sum of its sequence number and payload
size, modulo 4294967296 (2**32), gives the expected sequence number
associated with the first payload octet of the next frame received.
Accordingly, when receiving a frame if the sequence number isn't the
expected value for this channel, then the BEEP peers have lost
synchronization, then the session is terminated without generating a
response, and it is recommended that a diagnostic entry be logged.

























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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2.2.1.3 Frame Trailer

The frame trailer consists of 'END' followed by a CRLF pair.

When receiving a frame, if the characters immediately following the
payload don't correspond to a trailer, then the session is terminated
without generating a response, and it is recommended that a
diagnostic entry be logged.











































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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2.2.2 Frame Semantics

The semantics of each message is channel-specific. Accordingly, the
profile associated with a channel must define:

o the initialization messages, if any, exchanged during channel
creation;

o the messages that may be exchanged in the payload of the channel;
and,

o the semantics of these messages.

A profile registration template (Section 5.1) organizes this
information.

2.2.2.1 Poorly-formed Messages

When defining the behavior of the profile, the template must specify
how poorly-formed 'MSG' messages are replied to. For example, the
channel management profile sends a negative reply containing an error
message (c.f., Section 2.3.1.5).

If a poorly-formed reply is received on channel zero, the session is
terminated without generating a response, and it is recommended that
a diagnostic entry be logged.

If a poorly-formed reply is received on another channel, then the
channel must be closed using the procedure in Section 2.3.1.3.






















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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2.3 Channel Management

When a BEEP session starts, only channel number zero is defined,
which is used for channel management. Section 6.1 contains the
profile registration for BEEP channel management.

Channel management allows each BEEP peer to advertise the profiles
that it supports (c.f., Section 2.3.1.1), bind an instance of one of
those profiles to a channel (c.f., Section 2.3.1.2), and then later
close any channels or release the BEEP session (c.f., Section
2.3.1.3).

A BEEP peer should support at least 257 concurrent channels.






































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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2.3.1 Message Semantics

2.3.1.1 The Greeting Message

When a BEEP session is established, each BEEP peer signifies its
availability by immediately sending a positive reply with a message
number of zero that contains a 'greeting' element, e.g.,

L:
I:
L: RPY 0 0 . 0 110
L: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
L:
L:
L:
L:

L: END
I: RPY 0 0 . 0 52
I: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
I:
I:
I: END

Note that this example implies that the BEEP peer in the initiating
role waits until the BEEP peer in the listening role sends its
greeting -- this is an artifact of the presentation; in fact, both
BEEP peers send their replies independently.

The 'greeting' element has two optional attributes ('features' and
'localize') and zero or more 'profile' elements, one for each profile
supported by the BEEP peer acting in a server role:

o the 'features' attribute, if present, contains one or more feature
tokens, each indicating an optional feature of the channel
management profile supported by the BEEP peer;

o the 'localize' attribute, if present, contains one or more
language tokens (defined in [9]), each identifying a desirable
language tag to be used by the remote BEEP peer when generating
textual diagnostics for the 'close' and 'error' elements (the
tokens are ordered from most to least desirable); and,

o each 'profile' element contained within the 'greeting' element
identifies a profile, and unlike the 'profile' elements that occur
within the 'start' element, the content of each 'profile' element
may not contain an optional initialization message.

Section 5.2 defines a registration template for optional features.



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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2.3.1.2 The Start Message

When a BEEP peer wants to create a channel, it sends a 'start'
element on channel zero, e.g.,

C: MSG 0 1 . 52 120
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C:
C:
C:

C: END

The 'start' element has a 'number' attribute, an optional
'serverName' attribute, and one or more 'profile' elements:

o the 'number' attribute indicates the channel number (in the range
1..2147483647) used to identify the channel in future messages;

o the 'serverName' attribute, an arbitrary string, indicates the
desired server name for this BEEP session; and,

o each 'profile' element contained with the 'start' element has a
'uri' attribute, an optional 'encoding' attribute, and arbitrary
character data as content:

* the 'uri' attribute authoritatively identifies the profile;

* the 'encoding' attribute, if present, specifies whether the
content of the 'profile' element is represented as a base64-
encoded string; and,

* the content of the 'profile' element, if present, must be no
longer than 4K octets in length and specifies an initialization
message given to the channel as soon as it is created.

To avoid conflict in assigning channel numbers when requesting the
creation of a channel, BEEP peers acting in the initiating role use
only positive integers that are odd-numbered; similarly, BEEP peers
acting in the listening role use only positive integers that are
even-numbered.

The 'serverName' attribute for the first successful 'start' element
received by a BEEP peer is meaningful for the duration of the BEEP
session. If present, the BEEP peer decides whether to operate as the
indicated 'serverName'; if not, an 'error' element is sent in a
negative reply.




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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


When a BEEP peer receives a 'start' element on channel zero, it
examines each of the proposed profiles, and decides whether to use
one of them to create the channel. If so, the appropriate 'profile'
element is sent in a positive reply; otherwise, an 'error' element is
sent in a negative reply.

When creating the channel, the value of the 'serverName' attribute
from the first successful 'start' element is consulted to provide
configuration information, e.g., the desired server-side certificate
when starting the TLS transport security profile (Section 3.1).

For example, a successful channel creation might look like this:

C: MSG 0 1 . 52 178
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C:
C:
C:
C:

C: END
S: RPY 0 1 . 221 87
S: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
S:
S:
S: END

Similarly, an unsuccessful channel creation might look like this:

C: MSG 0 1 . 52 120
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C:
C:
C:

C: END
S: ERR 0 1 . 221 127
S: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
S:
S: number attribute
S: in <start> element must be odd-valued

S: END









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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


Finally, here's an example in which an initialization element is
exchanged during channel creation:

C: MSG 0 1 . 52 158
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C:
C:
C: ]]>
C:

C:

C: END
S: RPY 0 1 . 110 121
S: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
S:
S:
S: ]]>
S:

S: END
































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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2.3.1.3 The Close Message

When a BEEP peer wants to close a channel, it sends a 'close' element
on channel zero, e.g.,

C: MSG 0 2 . 235 71
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C:
C: END

The 'close' element has a 'number' attribute, a 'code' attribute, an
optional 'xml:lang' attribute, and an optional textual diagnostic as
its content:

o the 'number' attribute indicates the channel number;

o the 'code' attribute is a three-digit reply code meaningful to
programs (c.f., Section 8);

o the 'xml:lang' attribute identifies the language that the
element's content is written in (the value is suggested, but not
mandated, by the 'localize' attribute of the 'greeting' element
sent by the remote BEEP peer); and,

o the textual diagnostic (which may be multiline) is meaningful to
implementers, perhaps administrators, and possibly even users, but
never programs.

Note that if the textual diagnostic is present, then the 'xml:lang'
attribute is absent only if the language indicated as the remote BEEP
peer's first choice is used.

If the value of the 'number' attribute is zero, then the BEEP peer
wants to release the BEEP session (c.f., Section 2.4) -- otherwise
the value of the 'number' attribute refers to an existing channel,
and the remainder of this section applies.

A BEEP peer may send a 'close' message for a channel whenever all
'MSG' messages it has sent on that channel have been acknowledged.
(Acknowledgement consists of the first frame of a reply being
received by the BEEP peer that sent the MSG 'message'.)

After sending the 'close' message, that BEEP peer must not send any
more 'MSG' messages on that channel being closed until the reply to
the 'close' message has been received (either by an 'error' message
rejecting the request to close the channel, or by an 'ok' message
subsequently followed by the channel being successfully started).



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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


NOTE WELL: until a positive reply to the request to close the channel
is received, the BEEP peer must be prepared to process any 'MSG'
messages that it receives on that channel.

When a BEEP peer receives a 'close' message for a channel, it may, at
any time, reject the request to close the channel by sending an
'error' message in a negative reply.

Otherwise, before accepting the request to close the channel, and
sending an 'ok' message in a positive reply, it must:

o finish sending any queued 'MSG' messages on that channel of its
own;

o await complete replies to any outstanding 'MSG' messages it has
sent on that channel; and,

o finish sending complete replies to any outstanding 'MSG' messages
it has received on that channel, and ensure that the final frames
of those replies have been successfully delivered, i.e.,

* for transport mappings that guarantee inter-channel ordering of
messages, the replies must be sent prior to sending the 'ok'
message in a positive reply; otherwise,

* the replies must be sent and subsequently acknowledged by the
underlying transport service prior to sending the 'ok' message
in a positive reply.























Rose Standards Track [Page 21]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


Briefly, a successful channel close might look like this:

C: MSG 0 2 . 235 71
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C:
C: END
S: RPY 0 2 . 392 46
S: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
S:
S:
S: END

Similarly, an unsuccessful channel close might look like this:

C: MSG 0 2 . 235 71
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C:
C: END
S: ERR 0 2 . 392 79
S: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
S:
S: still working
S: END


























Rose Standards Track [Page 22]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2.3.1.4 The OK Message

When a BEEP peer agrees to close a channel (or release the BEEP
session), it sends an 'ok' element in a positive reply.

The 'ok' element has no attributes and no content.

2.3.1.5 The Error Message

When a BEEP peer declines the creation of a channel, it sends an
'error' element in a negative reply, e.g.,

I: MSG 0 1 . 52 115
I: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
I:
I:
I:
I:

I: END
L: ERR 0 1 . 221 105
L: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
L:
L: all requested profiles are
L: unsupported

L: END

The 'error' element has a 'code' attribute, an optional 'xml:lang'
attribute, and an optional textual diagnostic as its content:

o the 'code' attribute is a three-digit reply code meaningful to
programs (c.f., Section 8);

o the 'xml:lang' attribute identifies the language that the
element's content is written in (the value is suggested, but not
mandated, by the 'localize' attribute of the 'greeting' element
sent by the remote BEEP peer); and,

o the textual diagnostic (which may be multiline) is meaningful to
implementers, perhaps administrators, and possibly even users, but
never programs.

Note that if the textual diagnostic is present, then the 'xml:lang'
attribute is absent only if the language indicated as the remote BEEP
peer's first choice is used.







Rose Standards Track [Page 23]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


In addition, a BEEP peer sends an 'error' element whenever:

o it receives a 'MSG' message containing a poorly-formed or
unexpected element;

o it receives a 'MSG' message asking to close a channel (or release
the BEEP session) and it declines to do so; or

o a BEEP session is established, the BEEP peer is acting in the
listening role, and that BEEP peer is unavailable (in this case,
the BEEP acting in the listening role does not send a 'greeting'
element).

In the final case, both BEEP peers terminate the session, and it is
recommended that a diagnostic entry be logged by both BEEP peers.




































Rose Standards Track [Page 24]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2.4 Session Establishment and Release

When a BEEP session is established, each BEEP peer signifies its
availability by immediately sending a positive reply with a message
number of zero on channel zero that contains a 'greeting' element,
e.g.,

L:
I:
L: RPY 0 0 . 0 110
L: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
L:
L:
L:
L:

L: END
I: RPY 0 0 . 0 52
I: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
I:
I:
I: END

Alternatively, if the BEEP peer acting in the listening role is
unavailable, it sends a negative reply, e.g.,

L:
I:
L: ERR 0 0 . 0 60
L: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
L:
L:
L: END
I: RPY 0 0 . 0 52
I: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
I:
I:
I: END
I:
L:
L:

and the 'greeting' element sent by the BEEP peer acting in the
initiating role is ignored. It is recommended that a diagnostic
entry be logged by both BEEP peers.







Rose Standards Track [Page 25]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


Note that both of these examples imply that the BEEP peer in the
initiating role waits until the BEEP peer in the listening role sends
its greeting -- this is an artifact of the presentation; in fact,
both BEEP peers send their replies independently.

When a BEEP peer wants to release the BEEP session, it sends a
'close' element with a zero-valued 'number' attribute on channel
zero. The other BEEP peer indicates its willingness by sending an
'ok' element in a positive reply, e.g.,

C: MSG 0 1 . 52 60
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C:
C: END
S: RPY 0 1 . 264 46
S: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
S:
S:
S: END
I:
L:
L:

Alternatively, if the other BEEP doesn't want to release the BEEP
session, the exchange might look like this:

C: MSG 0 1 . 52 60
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C:
C: END
S: ERR 0 1 . 264 79
S: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
S:
S: still working
S: END

If session release is declined, the BEEP session should not be
terminated, if possible.











Rose Standards Track [Page 26]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2.5 Transport Mappings

All transport interactions occur in the context of a session -- a
mapping onto a particular transport service. Accordingly, this memo
defines the requirements that must be satisfied by any document
describing how a particular transport service realizes a BEEP
session.

2.5.1 Session Management

A BEEP session is connection-oriented. A mapping document must
define:

o how a BEEP session is established;

o how a BEEP peer is identified as acting in the listening role;

o how a BEEP peer is identified as acting in the initiating role;

o how a BEEP session is released; and,

o how a BEEP session is terminated.


2.5.2 Message Exchange

A BEEP session is message-oriented. A mapping document must define:

o how messages are reliably sent and received;

o how messages on the same channel are received in the same order as
they were sent; and,

o how messages on different channels are sent without ordering
constraint.
















Rose Standards Track [Page 27]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2.6 Asynchrony

BEEP accommodates asynchronous interactions, both within a single
channel and between separate channels. This feature allows
pipelining (intra-channel) and parallelism (inter-channel).

2.6.1 Within a Single Channel

A BEEP peer acting in the client role may send multiple 'MSG'
messages on the same channel without waiting to receive the
corresponding replies. This provides pipelining within a single
channel.

A BEEP peer acting in the server role must process all 'MSG' messages
for a given channel in the same order as they are received. As a
consequence, the BEEP peer must generate replies in the same order as
the corresponding 'MSG' messages are received on a given channel.

Note that in one-to-many exchanges (c.f., Section 2.1.1), the reply
to the 'MSG' message consists of zero or more 'ANS' messages followed
by a 'NUL' message. In this style of exchange, the 'ANS' messages
comprising the reply may be interleaved. When the BEEP peer acting
in the server role signifies the end of the reply by generating the
'NUL' message, it may then process the next 'MSG' message received
for that channel.

2.6.2 Between Different Channels

A BEEP peer acting in the client role may send multiple 'MSG'
messages on different channels without waiting to receive the
corresponding replies. The channels operate independently, in
parallel.

A BEEP peer acting in the server role may process 'MSG' messages
received on different channels in any order it chooses. As a
consequence, although the replies for a given channel appear to be
generated in the same order in which the corresponding 'MSG' messages
are received, there is no ordering constraint for replies on
different channels.












Rose Standards Track [Page 28]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2.6.3 Pre-emptive Replies

A BEEP peer acting in the server role may send a negative reply
before it receives the final 'MSG' frame of a message. If it does
so, that BEEP peer is obliged to ignore any subsequent 'MSG' frames
for that message, up to and including the final 'MSG' frame.

If a BEEP peer acting in the client role receives a negative reply
before it sends the final 'MSG' frame for a message, then it is
required to send a 'MSG' frame with a continuation status of complete
('.') and having a zero-length payload.

2.6.4 Interference

If the processing of a particular message has sequencing impacts on
other messages (either intra-channel or inter-channel), then the
corresponding profile should define this behavior, e.g., a profile
whose messages alter the underlying transport mapping.

































Rose Standards Track [Page 29]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


2.7 Peer-to-Peer Behavior

BEEP is peer-to-peer -- as such both peers must be prepared to
receive all messages defined in this memo. Accordingly, an
initiating BEEP peer capable of acting only in the client role must
behave gracefully if it receives a 'MSG' message. Accordingly, all
profiles must provide an appropriate error message for replying to
unexpected 'MSG' messages.

As a consequence of the peer-to-peer nature of BEEP, message numbers
are unidirectionally-significant. That is, the message numbers in
'MSG' messages sent by a BEEP peer acting in the initiating role are
unrelated to the message numbers in 'MSG' messages sent by a BEEP
peer acting in the listening role.

For example, these two messages

I: MSG 0 1 . 52 120
I: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
I:
I:
I:
I:

I: END
L: MSG 0 1 . 221 116
L: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
L:
L:
L:
L:

L: END

refer to different messages sent on channel zero.


















Rose Standards Track [Page 30]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


3. Transport Security

When a BEEP session is established, plaintext transfer, without
privacy, is provided. Accordingly, transport security in BEEP is
achieved using an initial tuning profile.

This document defines one profile:

o the TLS transport security profile, based on TLS version one [3].

Other profiles may be defined and deployed on a bilateral basis.
Note that because of their intimate relationship with the transport
service, a given transport security profile tends to be relevant to a
single transport mapping (c.f., Section 2.5).

When a channel associated with transport security begins the
underlying negotiation process, all channels (including channel zero)
are closed on the BEEP session. Accordingly, upon completion of the
negotiation process, regardless of its outcome, a new greeting is
issued by both BEEP peers. (If the negotiation process fails, then
either BEEP peer may instead terminate the session, and it is
recommended that a diagnostic entry be logged.)

A BEEP peer may choose to issue different greetings based on whether
privacy is in use, e.g.,

L:
I:
L: RPY 0 0 . 0 110
L: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
L:
L:
L:
L:

L: END
I: RPY 0 0 . 0 52
I: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
I:
I:
I: END
I: MSG 0 1 . 52 158
I: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
I:








Rose Standards Track [Page 31]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


I:
I:
I: ]]>
I:

I:

I: END
L: RPY 0 1 . 110 121
L: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
L:
L:
L: ]]>
L:

L: END

... successful transport security negotiation ...

L: RPY 0 0 . 0 221
L: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
L:
L:
L:
L:
L:
L:

L: END
I: RPY 0 0 . 0 52
I: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
I:
I:
I: END

Of course, not all BEEP peers need be as single-minded:

L:
I:
L: RPY 0 0 . 0 268
L: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
L:
L:
L:
L:
L:
L:
L:

L: END
I: RPY 0 0 . 0 52
I: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
I:



Rose Standards Track [Page 32]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


I:
I: END
I: MSG 0 1 . 52 158
I: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
I:
I:
I:
I: ]]>
I:

I:

I: END
L: RPY 0 1 . 268 121
L: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
L:
L:
L: ]]>
L:

L: END

... failed transport security negotiation ...

L: RPY 0 0 . 0 268
L: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
L:
L:
L:
L:
L:
L:
L:

L: END
I: RPY 0 0 . 0 52
I: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
I:
I:
I: END















Rose Standards Track [Page 33]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


3.1 The TLS Transport Security Profile

Section 6.2 contains the registration for this profile.

3.1.1 Profile Identification and Initialization

The TLS transport security profile is identified as:

http://iana.org/beep/TLS

in the BEEP 'profile' element during channel creation.

During channel creation, the corresponding 'profile' element in the
BEEP 'start' element may contain a 'ready' element. If channel
creation is successful, then before sending the corresponding reply,
the BEEP peer processes the 'ready' element and includes the
resulting response in the reply, e.g.,

C: MSG 0 1 . 52 158
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C:
C:
C: ]]>
C:

C:

C: END
S: RPY 0 1 . 110 121
S: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
S:
S:
S: ]]>
S:

S: END

















Rose Standards Track [Page 34]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


Note that it is possible for the channel to be created, but for the
encapsulated operation to fail, e.g.,

C: MSG 0 1 . 52 173
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C:
C:
C: ]]>
C:

C:

C: END
S: RPY 0 1 . 110 193
S: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
S:
S:
S: version attribute
S: poorly formed in <ready> element
]]>
S:

S: END

In this case, a positive reply is sent (as channel creation
succeeded), but the encapsulated response contains an indication as
to why the operation failed.

3.1.2 Message Syntax

Section 7.2 defines the messages that are used in the TLS transport
security profile.






















Rose Standards Track [Page 35]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


3.1.3 Message Semantics

3.1.3.1 The Ready Message

The 'ready' element has an optional 'version' attribute and no
content:

o the 'version' element defines the earliest version of TLS
acceptable for use.

When a BEEP peer sends the 'ready' element, it must not send any
further traffic on the underlying transport service until a
corresponding reply ('proceed' or 'error') is received; similarly,
the receiving BEEP peer must wait until any pending replies have been
generated and sent before it processes a 'ready' element.

3.1.3.2 The Proceed Message

The 'proceed' element has no attributes and no content. It is sent
as a reply to the 'ready' element.

When a BEEP peer receives the 'ready' element, it must not send any
further traffic on the underlying transport service until it
generates a corresponding reply. If the BEEP peer decides to allow
transport security negotiation, it implicitly closes all channels
(including channel zero), and sends the 'proceed' element, and awaits
the underlying negotiation process for transport security.

When a BEEP peer receives a 'proceed' element in reply to its 'ready'
message, it implicitly closes all channels (including channel zero),
and immediately begins the underlying negotiation process for
transport security.



















Rose Standards Track [Page 36]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


4. User Authentication

When a BEEP session is established, anonymous access, without trace
information, is provided. Accordingly, user authentication in BEEP
is achieved using an initial tuning profile.

This document defines a family of profiles based on SASL mechanisms:

o each mechanism in the IANA SASL registry [15] has an associated
profile.

Other profiles may be defined and deployed on a bilateral basis.

Whenever a successful authentication occurs, on any channel, the
authenticated identity is updated for all existing and future
channels on the BEEP session; further, no additional attempts at
authentication are allowed.

Note that regardless of transport security and user authentication,
authorization is an internal matter for each BEEP peer. As such,
each peer may choose to restrict the operations it allows based on
the authentication credentials provided (i.e., unauthorized
operations might be rejected with error code 530).




























Rose Standards Track [Page 37]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


4.1 The SASL Family of Profiles

Section 6.3 contains the registration for this profile.

Note that SASL may provide both user authentication and transport
security. Once transport security is successfully negotiated for a
BEEP session, then a SASL security layer must not be negotiated;
similarly, once any SASL negotiation is successful, a transport
security profile must not begin its underlying negotiation process.

Section 4 of the SASL specification [4] requires the following
information be supplied by a protocol definition:

service name: 'beep'

initiation sequence: Creating a channel using a BEEP profile
corresponding to a SASL mechanism starts the exchange. An
optional parameter corresponding to the 'initial response' sent by
the client is carried within a 'blob' element during channel
creation.

exchange sequence: 'Challenges' and 'responses' are carried in
exchanges of the 'blob' element. The 'status' attribute of the
'blob' element is used both by a server indicating a successful
completion of the exchange, and a client aborting the exchange,
The server indicates failure of the exchange by sending an 'error'
element.

security layer negotiation: When a security layer starts negotiation,
all channels (including channel zero) are closed on the BEEP
session. Accordingly, upon completion of the negotiation process,
regardless of its outcome, a new greeting is issued by both BEEP
peers.

If a security layer is successfully negotiated, it takes effect
immediately following the message that concludes the server's
successful completion reply.

use of the authorization identity: This is made available to all
channels for the duration of the BEEP session.











Rose Standards Track [Page 38]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


4.1.1 Profile Identification and Initialization

Each SASL mechanism registered with the IANA is identified as:

http://iana.org/beep/SASL/mechanism

where 'MECHANISM' is the token assigned to that mechanism by the
IANA.

Note that during channel creation, a BEEP peer may provide multiple
profiles to the remote peer, e.g.,

C: MSG 0 1 . 52 178
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C:
C:
C:
C:

C: END
S: RPY 0 1 . 221 87
S: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
S:
S:
S: END


























Rose Standards Track [Page 39]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


During channel creation, the corresponding 'profile' element in the
BEEP 'start' element may contain a 'blob' element. Note that it is
possible for the channel to be created, but for the encapsulated
operation to fail, e.g.,

C: MSG 0 1 . 52 183
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C:
C:
C: AGJsb2NrbWFzdGVy]]>
C:

C:

C: END
S: RPY 0 1 . 221 178
S: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
S:
S:
S: authentication mechanism is
S: too weak]]>
S:

S: END

In this case, a positive reply is sent (as channel creation
succeeded), but the encapsulated response contains an indication as
to why the operation failed.

Otherwise, the server sends a challenge (or signifies success), e.g.,

C: MSG 0 1 . 52 183
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C:
C:
C: AGJsb2NrbWFzdGVy]]>
C:

C:

C: END
S: RPY 0 1 . 221 171
S: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
S:
S:
S: b3RwLXNoYTEgOTk5NyBwaXh5bWlzYXM4NTgwNSBleHQ=
]]>
S:

S: END





Rose Standards Track [Page 40]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


Note that this example implies that the 'blob' element in the
server's reply appears on two lines -- this is an artifact of the
presentation; in fact, only one line is used.

If a challenge is received, then the client responds and awaits
another reply, e.g.,

C: MSG 1 0 . 0 97
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C: d29yZDpmZXJuIGhhbmcgYnJvdyBib25nIGhlcmQgdG9n
C: END
S: RPY 1 0 . 0 66
S: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
S:
S:
S: END

Of course, the client could abort the authentication process by
sending '' instead.

Alternatively, the server might reject the response with an error:
e.g.,

C: MSG 1 0 . 0 97
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C: d29yZDpmZXJuIGhhbmcgYnJvdyBib25nIGhlcmQgdG9n
C: END
S: ERR 1 0 . 0 60
S: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
S:
S:
S: END

















Rose Standards Track [Page 41]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


Finally, depending on the SASL mechanism, an initialization element
may be exchanged unidirectionally during channel creation, e.g.,

C: MSG 0 1 . 52 125
C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
C:
C:
C:
C:

C: END
S: RPY 0 1 . 221 185
S: Content-Type: application/beep+xml
S:
S:
S: PDE4OTYuNjk3MTcwOTUyQHBvc3RvZmZpY2UucmVzdG9uLm1
jaS5uZXQ+
]]>
S:

S: END

Note that this example implies that the 'blob' element in the
server's reply appears on two lines -- this is an artifact of the
presentation; in fact, only one line is used.

4.1.2 Message Syntax

Section 7.3 defines the messages that are used for each profile in
the SASL family.

Note that because many SASL mechanisms exchange binary data, the
content of the 'blob' element is always a base64-encoded string.





















Rose Standards Track [Page 42]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


4.1.3 Message Semantics

The 'blob' element has an optional 'status' attribute, and arbitrary
octets as its content:

o the 'status' attribute, if present, takes one of three values:

abort: used by a client to indicate that it is aborting the
authentication process;

complete: used by a server to indicate that the exchange is
complete and successful; or,

continue: used by either a client or server, otherwise.

Finally, note that SASL's EXTERNAL mechanism works with an 'external
authentication' service, which is provided by one of:

o a transport security profile, capable of providing authentication
information (e.g., Section 3.1), being active on the connection;

o a network service, capable of providing strong authentication
(e.g., IPSec [12]), underlying the connection; or,

o a locally-defined security service.

For authentication to succeed, two conditions must hold:

o an external authentication service must be active; and,

o if present, the authentication identity must be consistent with
the credentials provided by the external authentication service
(if the authentication identity is empty, then an authorization
identity is automatically derived from the credentials provided by
the external authentication service).
















Rose Standards Track [Page 43]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


5. Registration Templates

5.1 Profile Registration Template

When a profile is registered, the following information is supplied:

Profile Identification: specify a URI [10] that authoritatively
identifies this profile.

Message Exchanged during Channel Creation: specify the datatypes that
may be exchanged during channel creation.

Messages starting one-to-one exchanges: specify the datatypes that
may be present when an exchange starts.

Messages in positive replies: specify the datatypes that may be
present in a positive reply.

Messages in negative replies: specify the datatypes that may be
present in a negative reply.

Messages in one-to-many exchanges: specify the datatypes that may be
present in a one-to-many exchange.

Message Syntax: specify the syntax of the datatypes exchanged by the
profile.

Message Semantics: specify the semantics of the datatypes exchanged
by the profile.

Contact Information: specify the postal and electronic contact
information for the author of the profile.

5.2 Feature Registration Template

When a feature for the channel management profile is registered, the
following information is supplied:

Feature Identification: specify a string that identifies this
feature. Unless the feature is registered with the IANA, the
feature's identification must start with 'x-'.

Feature Semantics: specify the semantics of the feature.

Contact Information: specify the postal and electronic contact
information for the author of the feature.





Rose Standards Track [Page 44]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


6. Initial Registrations

6.1 Registration: BEEP Channel Management

Profile Identification: not applicable

Messages exchanged during Channel Creation: not applicable

Messages starting one-to-one exchanges: 'start' or 'close'

Messages in positive replies: 'greeting', 'profile', or 'ok'

Messages in negative replies: 'error'

Messages in one-to-many exchanges: none

Message Syntax: c.f., Section 7.1

Message Semantics: c.f., Section 2.3.1

Contact Information: c.f., the 'Author's Address' section of this
memo

6.2 Registration: TLS Transport Security Profile

Profile Identification: http://iana.org/beep/TLS

Messages exchanged during Channel Creation: 'ready'

Messages starting one-to-one exchanges: 'ready'

Messages in positive replies: 'proceed'

Messages in negative replies: 'error'

Messages in one-to-many exchanges: none

Message Syntax: c.f., Section 7.2

Message Semantics: c.f., Section 3.1.3

Contact Information: c.f., the 'Author's Address' section of this
memo








Rose Standards Track [Page 45]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


6.3 Registration: SASL Family of Profiles

Profile Identification: http://iana.org/beep/SASL/mechanism, where
'mechanism' is a token registered with the IANA

Messages exchanged during Channel Creation: 'blob'

Messages starting one-to-one exchanges: 'blob'

Messages in positive replies: 'blob'

Messages in negative replies: 'error'

Messages in one-to-many exchanges: none

Message Syntax: c.f., Section 7.3

Message Semantics: c.f., Section 4.1.3

Contact Information: c.f., the 'Author's Address' section of this
memo






























Rose Standards Track [Page 46]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


6.4 Registration: application/beep+xml

MIME media type name: application

MIME subtype name: beep+xml

Required parameters: none

Optional parameters: charset (defaults to 'UTF-8' [13])

Encoding considerations: This media type may contain binary content;
accordingly, when used over a transport that does not permit
binary transfer, an appropriate encoding must be applied

Security considerations: none, per se; however, any BEEP profile
which uses this media type must describe its relevant security
considerations

Interoperability considerations: n/a

Published specification: This media type is a proper subset of the
the XML 1.0 specification [2]. Two restrictions are made.

First, no entity references other than the five predefined general
entities references ('&', '<', '>', ''', and
'"') and numeric entity references may be present.

Second, neither the 'XML' declaration (e.g., ?>) nor the 'DOCTYPE' declaration (e.g., ) may be
present. (Accordingly, if another character set other than UTF-8
is desired, then the 'charset' parameter must be present.)

All other XML 1.0 instructions (e.g., CDATA blocks, processing
instructions, and so on) are allowed.

Applications which use this media type: any BEEP profile wishing to
make use of this XML 1.0 subset

Additional Information: none

Contact for further information: c.f., the 'Author's Address' section
of this memo

Intended usage: limited use

Author/Change controller: the IESG





Rose Standards Track [Page 47]

RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


7. DTDs

7.1 BEEP Channel Management DTD

















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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001






features %FTRS; #IMPLIED
localize %LOCS; 'i-default'>


number %CHAN; #REQUIRED
serverName CDATA #IMPLIED>



uri %URI; #REQUIRED
encoding (none|base64) 'none'>


number %CHAN; '0'
code %XYZ; #REQUIRED
xml:lang %LANG; #IMPLIED>




code %XYZ; #REQUIRED
xml:lang %LANG; #IMPLIED>










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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


7.2 TLS Transport Security Profile DTD








version CDATA '1'>

























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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


7.3 SASL Family of Profiles DTD








xml:space (default|preserve)
'preserve'
status (abort|complete|continue)
'continue'>






















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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


8. Reply Codes

code meaning
==== =======
200 success

421 service not available

450 requested action not taken
(e.g., lock already in use)

451 requested action aborted
(e.g., local error in processing)

454 temporary authentication failure

500 general syntax error
(e.g., poorly-formed XML)

501 syntax error in parameters
(e.g., non-valid XML)

504 parameter not implemented

530 authentication required

534 authentication mechanism insufficient
(e.g., too weak, sequence exhausted, etc.)

535 authentication failure

537 action not authorized for user

538 authentication mechanism requires encryption

550 requested action not taken
(e.g., no requested profiles are acceptable)

553 parameter invalid

554 transaction failed
(e.g., policy violation)









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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


9. Security Considerations

The BEEP framing mechanism, per se, provides no protection against
attack; however, judicious use of initial tuning profiles provides
varying degrees of assurance:

1. If one of the profiles from the SASL family is used, refer to
[4]'s Section 9 for a discussion of security considerations.

2. If the TLS transport security profile is used (or if a SASL
security layer is negotiated), then:

1. A man-in-the-middle may remove the security-related profiles
from the BEEP greeting or generate a negative reply to the
'ready' element of the TLS transport security profile. A
BEEP peer may be configurable to refuse to proceed without an
acceptable level of privacy.

2. A man-in-the-middle may cause a down-negotiation to the
weakest cipher suite available. A BEEP peer should be
configurable to refuse weak cipher suites.

3. A man-in-the-middle may modify any protocol exchanges prior
to a successful negotiation. Upon completing the
negotiation, a BEEP peer must discard previously cached
information about the BEEP session.

As different TLS ciphersuites provide varying levels of security,
administrators should carefully choose which ciphersuites are
provisioned.

As BEEP is peer-to-peer in nature, before performing any task
associated with a message, each channel should apply the appropriate
access control based on the authenticated identity and privacy level
associated with the BEEP session.
















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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


References

[1] Freed, N. and N. Borenstein, 'Multipurpose Internet Mail
Extensions (MIME) Part One: Format of Internet Message Bodies',
RFC 2045, November 1996.

[2] World Wide Web Consortium, 'Extensible Markup Language (XML)
1.0', W3C XML, February 1998, xml-19980210>.

[3] Dierks, T., Allen, C., Treese, W., Karlton, P., Freier, A. and
P. Kocher, 'The TLS Protocol Version 1.0', RFC 2246, January
1999.

[4] Myers, J., 'Simple Authentication and Security Layer (SASL)',
RFC 2222, October 1997.

[5] Rose, M., 'Mapping the BEEP Core onto TCP', RFC 3081, March
2001.

[6] Postel, J., 'Transmission Control Protocol', STD 7, RFC 793,
September 1981.

[7] Crocker, D. and P. Overell, 'Augmented BNF for Syntax
Specifications: ABNF', RFC 2234, November 1997.

[8] Elz, R. and R. Bush, 'Serial Number Arithmetic', RFC 1982,
August 1996.

[9] Alvestrand, H., 'Tags for the Identification of Languages', RFC
BCP 47, RFC 3066, January 2001.

[10] Berners-Lee, T., Fielding, R. and L. Masinter, 'Uniform
Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax', RFC 2396, August
1998.

[11] Newman, C., 'The One-Time-Password SASL Mechanism', RFC 2444,
October 1998.

[12] Kent, S. and R. Atkinson, 'Security Architecture for the
Internet Protocol', RFC 2401, November 1998.

[13] Yergeau, F., 'UTF-8, a transformation format of ISO 10646', RFC
2279, January 1998.

[14] Linn, J., 'Generic Security Service Application Program
Interface, Version 2', RFC 2078, January 1997.




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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


[15]

Author's Address

Marshall T. Rose
Invisible Worlds, Inc.
1179 North McDowell Boulevard
Petaluma, CA 94954-6559
US

Phone: +1 707 789 3700
EMail: mrose@invisible.net
URI: http://invisible.net/






































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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


Appendix A. Acknowledgements

The author gratefully acknowledges the contributions of: David Clark,
Dave Crocker, Steve Deering, Wesley Michael Eddy, Huston Franklin,
Marco Gazzetta, Danny Goodman, Steve Harris, Robert Herriot, Ken
Hirsch, Greg Hudson, Ben Laurie, Carl Malamud, Michael Mealling,
Keith McCloghrie, Paul Mockapetris, RL 'Bob' Morgan, Frank Morton,
Darren New, Chris Newman, Joe Touch, Paul Vixie, Gabe Wachob, Daniel
Woods, and, James Woodyatt. In particular, Dave Crocker provided
helpful suggestions on the nature of segmentation in the framing
mechanism.








































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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


Appendix B. IANA Considerations

The IANA registers 'beep' as a GSSAPI [14] service name, as specified
in Section 4.1.

The IANA maintains a list of:

o standards-track BEEP profiles, c.f., Section 5.1; and,

o standards-track features for the channel management profile, c.f.,
Section 5.2.

For each list, the IESG is responsible for assigning a designated
expert to review the specification prior to the IANA making the
assignment. As a courtesy to developers of non-standards track BEEP
profiles and channel management features, the mailing list
bxxpwg@invisible.net may be used to solicit commentary.

The IANA makes the registrations specified in Section 6.2 and Section
6.3. It is recommended that the IANA register these profiles using
the IANA as a URI-prefix, and populate those URIs with the respective
profile registrations.





























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RFC 3080 The BEEP Core March 2001


Full Copyright Statement

Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2001). All Rights Reserved.

This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this
document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of
developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be
followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than
English.

The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
'AS IS' basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING
TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION
HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Acknowledgement

Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the
Internet Society.



















Rose Standards Track [Page 58]





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