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LinuxDig.com Request For Comments

RFC Number : 2106

Title : Data Link Switching Remote Access Protocol.






Network Working Group S. Chiang
Request for Comments: 2106 J. Lee
Category: Informational Cisco Systems, Inc.
H. Yasuda
Mitsubishi Electric Corp.
February 1997


Data Link Switching Remote Access Protocol

Status of this Memo

This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo
does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of
this memo is unlimited.

Abstract

This memo describes the Data Link Switching Remote Access Protocol
that is used between workstations and routers to transport SNA/
NetBIOS traffic over TCP sessions. Any questions or comments should
be sent to drap@cisco.com.

1. Introduction

Since the Data Link Switching Protocol, RFC 1795, was published, some
software vendors have begun implementing DLSw on workstations. The
implementation of DLSw on a large number of workstations raises
several important issues that must be addressed. Scalability is the
major concern. For example, the number of TCP sessions to the DLSw
router increases in direct proportion to the number of workstations
added. Another concern is efficiency. Since DLSw is a switch-to-
switch protocol, it is not efficient when implemented on
workstations.

DRAP addresses the above issues. It introduces a hierarchical
structure to resolve the scalability problems. All workstations are
clients to the router (server) rather than peers to the router. This
creates a client/server model. It also provides a more efficient
protocol between the workstation (client) and the router (server).











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2. Overview

2.1. DRAP Client/Server Model

+-----------+ +-----------+ +---------+
| Mainframe | | IP Router +- ppp -+ DLSw |
+--+--------+ +-----+-----+ | Work |
| | | Station |
| | +---------+
+--+--+ +-------------+ |
| FEP +- TR -+ DLSw Router +-- IP Backbone
+-----+ +-------------+ |
|
|
+-----------+ +---------+
| IP Router +- ppp -+ DLSw |
+-----+-----+ | Work |
| Station |
+---------+

| DLSw Session |
+-------------------------------+
Figure 2-1. Running DLSw on a large number of workstations creates a
scalability problem.

Figure 2-1 shows a typical DLSw implementation on a workstation. The
workstations are connected to the central site DLSw router over the
IP network. As the network grows, scalability will become an issue
as the number of TCP sessions increases due to the growing number of
workstations.





















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+-----------+ +-------+
+-----------+ | DLSw/DRAP | | DRAP |
| Mainframe | | Router +- ppp -+ Client|
+--+--------+ +-----+-----+ +-------+
| |
| |
+--+--+ +-------------+ |
| FEP +- TR -+ DLSw Router +-- IP Backbone
+-----+ +-------------+ |
|
|
+-----------+ +-------+
| DLSw/DRAP | | DRAP |
| Router +- ppp -+ Client|
+-----+-----+ +-------+

| DLSw Session | | DRAP Session |
+--------------+ +--------------+
Figure 2-2. DLSw Remote Access Protocol solves the scalability problem.

In a large network, DRAP addresses the scalability problem by
significantly reducing the number of peers that connect to the
central site router. The workstations (DRAP client) and the router
(DRAP server) behave in a Client/Server relationship. Workstations
are attached to a DRAP server. A DRAP server has a single peer
connection to the central site router.

2.2. Dynamic Address Resolution

In a DLSw network, each workstation needs a MAC address to
communicate with a FEP attached to a LAN. When DLSw is implemented on
a workstation, it does not always have a MAC address defined. For
example, when a workstation connects to a router through a modem via
PPP, it only consists of an IP address. In this case, the user must
define a virtual MAC address. This is administratively intensive
since each workstation must have an unique MAC address.

DRAP uses the Dynamic Address Resolution protocol to solve this
problem. The Dynamic Address Resolution protocol permits the server
to dynamically assign a MAC address to a client without complex
configuration.

For a client to initiate a session to a server, the workstation sends
a direct request to the server. The request contains the destination
MAC address and the destination SAP. The workstation can either
specify its own MAC address, or request the server to assign one to
it. The server's IP address must be pre-configured on the
workstation. If IP addresses are configured for multiple servers at a



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workstation, the request can be sent to these servers and the first
one to respond will be used.

For a server to initiate a session to a client, the server sends a
directed request to the workstation. The workstation must pre-
register its MAC address at the server. This can be done either by
configuration on the server or registration at the server (both MAC
addresses and IP addresses will be registered).

2.3. TCP Connection

The transport used between the client and the server is TCP. Before a
TCP session is established between the client and the server, no
message can be sent. The default parameters associated with the TCP
connections between the client and the server are as follows:

Socket Family AF_INET (Internet protocols)
Socket Type SOCK_STREAM (stream socket)
Port Number 1973

There is only one TCP connection between the client and the server.
It is used for both read and write operations.

3. DRAP Format

3.1. General Frame Format

The General format of the DRAP frame is as follows:

+-------------+-----------+-----------+
| DRAP Header | DRAP Data | User Data |
+-------------+-----------+-----------+
Figure 3-1. DRAP Frame Format

The DRAP protocol is contained in the DRAP header, which is common to
all frames passed between the DRAP client and the server. This header
is 4 bytes long. The next section will explain the details.

The next part is the DRAP Data. The structure and the size are based
on the type of messages carried in the DRAP frame. The DRAP data is
used to process the frame, but it is optional.

The third part of the frame is the user data, which is sent by the
local system to the remote system. The size of this block is variable
and is included in the frame only when there is data to be sent to
the remote system.





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3.2. Header Format

The DRAP header is used to identify the message type and the length
of the frame. This is a general purpose header used for each frame
that is passed between the DRAP server and the client. More
information is needed for frames like CAN_U_REACH and I_CAN_REACH,
therefore, it is passed to the peer as DRAP data. The structure of
the DRAP data depends on the type of frames, and will be discussed in
detail in later sections.

The DRAP Header is given below:

+-------------------------------------------+
| DRAP Packet Header (Each row is one byte) |
+===========================================+
0 | Protocol ID / Version Number |
+-------------------------------------------+
1 | Message Type |
+-------------------------------------------+
2 | Packet Length |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
3 | |
+-------------------------------------------+
Figure 3-2. DRAP Header Format

o The Protocol ID uses the first 4 bits of this field and is set to
'1000'.

o The Version Number uses the next 4 bits in this field and is set
to '0001'.

o The message type is the DRAP message type.

o The Total Packet length is the length of the packet including the
DRAP header, DRAP data and User Data. The minimum size of the
packet is 4, which is the length of the header.

3.3. DRAP Messages

Most of the Drap frames are based on the existing DLSw frames and
have the same names. The information in the corresponding DRAP and
DLSw frames may differ; but the functionalities are the same. Thus
the DLSw State Machine is used to handle these DRAP frames. Some new
DRAP frames were created to handle special DRAP functions. For
example, the new DRAP frames, I_CANNOT_REACH and START_DL_FAILED
provide negative acknowledgment. The DLSw frames not needed for DRAP,
are dropped.




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The following table lists and describes all available DRAP messages:

DRAP Frame Name Code Function
--------------- ---- --------
CAN_U_REACH 0x01 Find if the station given is reachable
I_CAN_REACH 0x02 Positive response to CAN_U_REACH
I_CANNOT_REACH 0x03 Negative response to CAN_U_REACH
START_DL 0x04 Setup session for given addresses
DL_STARTED 0x05 Session Started
START_DL_FAILED 0x06 Session Start failed
XID_FRAME 0x07 XID Frame
CONTACT_STN 0x08 Contact destination to establish SABME
STN_CONTACTED 0x09 Station contacted - SABME mode set
DATA_FRAME 0x0A Connectionless Data Frame for a link
INFO_FRAME 0x0B Connection oriented I-Frame
HALT_DL 0x0C Halt Data Link session
HALT_DL_NOACK 0x0D Halt Data Link session without ack
DL_HALTED 0x0E Session Halted
FCM_FRAME 0x0F Data Link Session Flow Control Message
DGRM_FRAME 0x11 Connectionless Datagram Frame for a circuit
CAP_XCHANGE 0x12 Capabilities Exchange Message
CLOSE_PEER_REQUEST 0x13 Disconnect Peer Connection Request
CLOSE_PEER_RESPONSE 0x14 Disconnect Peer Connection Response
PEER_TEST_REQ 0x1D Peer keepalive test request
PEER_TEST_RSP 0x1E Peer keepalive response

Table 3-1. DRAP Frames

3.4. DRAP Data formats

The DRAP data is used to carry information required for each DRAP
frame. This information is used by the Server or the Client and it
does not contain any user data. The DRAP data frame types are listed
in the following sections. Please note that the sender should set the
reserved fields to zero and the receiver should ignore these fields.

3.4.1. CAN_U_REACH, I_CAN_REACH, and I_CANNOT_REACH Frames

These frame types are used to locate resources in a network. A
CAN_U_REACH frame is sent to the server to determine if the resource
is reachable. The server responds with an I_CAN_REACH frame if it can
reach the workstation identified in the CAN_U_REACH frame, or with an
I_CANNOT_REACH if the station is not reachable. The server should not
send the CAN_U_REACH frame to the clients. When a server receives an
explorer whose destination is a known client, the server should
respond to it directly.





Chiang, et. al. Informational [Page 6]

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+---------------+-----------------------+
| Field Name | Information |
+---------------+-----------------------+
| Message Type | 0x01, 0x02, or 0x03 |
+---------------+-----------------------+
| Packet Length | 0x0C |
+---------------+-----------------------+
Figure 3-3. CAN_U_REACH, I_CAN_REACH, and I_CANNOT_REACH Header

+-----------------------------------+
| Field Name (Each row is one byte) |
+===================================+
0 | Target MAC Address |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
1 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
2 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
3 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
4 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
5 | |
+-----------------------------------+
6 | Source SAP |
+-----------------------------------+
7 | Reserved |
+-----------------------------------+
Figure 3-4. CAN_U_REACH, I_CAN_REACH, and I_CANNOT_REACH Data

The MAC Address field carries the MAC address of the target
workstation that is being searched. This is a six-byte MAC Address
field. The same MAC Address is returned in the I_CAN_REACH and the
I_CANNOT_REACH frames.

Byte 6 is the source SAP. The destination SAP is set to zero when an
explorer frame is sent to the network.

If the sender did not receive a positive acknowledgment within a
recommended threshold value of 60 seconds, the destination is
considered not reachable.

3.4.2. START_DL, DL_STARTED, and START_DL_FAILED Frames

These frame types are used by DRAP to establish a link station
(circuit). The START_DL frame is sent directly to the server that
responds to the CAN_U_REACH frame. When the server receives this
frame, it establishes a link station with the source and destination



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addresses and saps provided in the START_DL frame. If the circuit
establishment is successful, a DL_STARTED frame is sent back as a
response. A failure will result in a START_DL_FAILED response. The
server can also send START_DL frames to clients, to establish
circuits.

+---------------+-----------------------+
| Field Name | Information |
+---------------+-----------------------+
| Message Type | 0x04, 0x05, or 0x06 |
+---------------+-----------------------+
| Packet Length | 0x18 |
+---------------+-----------------------+
Figure 3-5. START_DL, DL_STARTED, and START_DL_FAILED Header





































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+-----------------------------------+
| Field Name (Each row is one byte) |
+===================================+
0 | Host MAC Address |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
1 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
2 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
3 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
4 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
5 | |
+-----------------------------------+
6 | Host SAP |
+-----------------------------------+
7 | Client SAP |
+-----------------------------------+
8 | Origin Session ID |
+-----------------------------------+
9 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
10| |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
11| |
+-----------------------------------+
12| Target Session ID |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
13| |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
14| |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
15| |
+-----------------------------------+
16| Largest Frame Size |
+-----------------------------------+
17| Initial Window size |
+-----------------------------------+
18| Reserved |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
19| |
+-----------------------------------+
Figure 3-6. START_DL, DL_STARTED, and START_DL_FAILED Data

The Host MAC address is the address of the target station if the
session is initiated from the client, or it is the address of the
originating station if the session is initiated from the server.



Chiang, et. al. Informational [Page 9]

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The next two fields are the Host and Client SAPs. Each is one byte
long. The Host SAP is the SAP used by the station with the Host MAC
address. The Client SAP is the SAP used by the client.

The Origin Session ID, is the ID of the originating station that
initiates the circuit. The originating station uses this ID to
identify the newly created circuit. Before the START_DL frame is sent
to the target station, the originating station sets up a control
block for the circuit. This link station information is set because
DRAP does not use a three-way handshake for link station
establishment. In the DL_STARTED and the START_DL_FAILED messages,
the Origin Session ID is returned as received in the START_DL frame.
The Target Session ID is set by the target station and returned in
the DL_STARTED message.

The Target Session ID is not valid for the START_DL and the
START_DL_FAILED frame, and should be treated as Reserved fields. In
the DL_STARTED frame, it is the session ID that is used to set up
this circuit by the target station.

The Largest Frame Size field is used to indicate the maximum frame
size that can be used by the client. It is valid only when it is set
by the server. The Largest Frame Size field must be set to zero when
a frame is sent by the client. Both START_DL and DL_STARTED use the
Largest Frame Size field and only its rightmost 6 bits are used. The
format is defined in the IEEE 802.1D Standard, Annex C, Largest Frame
Bits (LF). Bit 3 to bit 5 are base bits. Bit 0 to bit 2 are extended
bits. The Largest Frame Size field is not used in the START_DL_FAILED
frame and must be set to zero.

bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
r r b b b e e e
Figure 3-7. Largest Frame Size

Please note that if the client is a PU 2.1 node, the client should
use the maximum I-frame size negotiated in the XID3 exchange.

The Initial window size in the START_DL frame gives the receive
window size on the originating side, and the target DRAP station
returns its receive window size in the DL_STARTED frame. The field is
reserved in the START_DL_FAILED frame. The usage of the window size
is the same as the one used in DLSw. Please refer to RFC 1795 for
details.

The last two bits are reserved for future use. They must be set to
zero by the sender and ignored by the receiver.





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If the sender of the START_DL frame did not receive a START_DL_FAILED
frame within a recommended threshold value of 60 seconds, the
connection is considered unsuccessful.

3.4.3. HALT_DL, HALT_DL_NOACK, and DL_HALTED Frames

These frame types are used by DRAP to disconnect a link station. A
HALT_DL frame is sent directly to the remote workstation to indicate
that the sender wishes to disconnect. When the receiver receives this
frame, it tears down the session that is associated with the Original
Session ID and the Target Session ID provided in the HALT_DL frame.
The receiver should respond with the DL_HALTED frame. The DL_HALTED
frame should use the same Session ID values as the received HALT_DL
message without swapping them. The HALT_DL_NOACK frame is used when
the response is not required.

+---------------+-----------------------+
| Field Name | Information |
+---------------+-----------------------+
| Message Type | 0x0C, 0x0D, or 0x0E |
+---------------+-----------------------+
| Packet Length | 0x10 |
+---------------+-----------------------+
Figure 3-8. HALT_DL, HALT_DL_NOACK, and DL_HALTED Header



























Chiang, et. al. Informational [Page 11]

RFC 2106 DLSRAP February 1997


+-----------------------------------+
| Field Name (Each row is one byte) |
+===================================+
0 | Sender Session ID |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
1 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
2 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
3 | |
+-----------------------------------+
4 | Receiver Session ID |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
5 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
6 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
7 | |
+-----------------------------------+
8 | Reserved |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
9 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
10| |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
11| |
+-----------------------------------+
Figure 3-9. START_DL, DL_STARTED, and START_DL_FAILED Data

3.4.4. XID_FRAME, CONTACT_STN, STN_CONTACTED, INFO_FRAME, FCM_FRAME,
and DGRM_FRAME

These frame types are used to carry the end-to-end data or establish
a circuit. The Destination Session ID is the Session ID created in
the START_DL frame or the DL_STARTED frame by the receiver. The usage
of the flow control flag is the same as the one used in DLSw. Please
refer to RFC 1795 for details.

+---------------+----------------------------+
| Field Name | Information |
+---------------+----------------------------+
| Message Type | Based on Message type |
+---------------+----------------------------+
| Packet Length | 0x0C + length of user data |
+---------------+----------------------------+
Figure 3-10. Generic DRAP Header





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RFC 2106 DLSRAP February 1997


+-----------------------------------+
| Field Name (Each row is one byte) |
+===================================+
0 | Destination Session ID |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
1 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
2 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
3 | |
+-----------------------------------+
4 | Flow Control Flags |
+-----------------------------------+
5 | Reserved |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
6 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
7 | |
+-----------------------------------+
Figure 3-11. Generic DRAP Data Format

3.4.5. DATA_FRAME

This frame type is used to send connectionless SNA and NetBIOS
Datagram (UI) frames that do not have a link station associated with
the source and destination MAC/SAP pair. The difference between
DGRM_FRAME and DATA_FRAME is that DGRM_FRAME is used to send UI
frames received for stations that have a link station opened, whereas
DATA_FRAME is used for frames with no link station established.

+---------------+-----------------------------+
| Field Name | Information |
+---------------+-----------------------------+
| Message Type | 0x0A |
+---------------+-----------------------------+
| Packet Length | 0x10 + Length of user data |
+---------------+-----------------------------+
Figure 3-12. DATA_FRAME Header













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RFC 2106 DLSRAP February 1997


+-----------------------------------+
| Field Name (Each row is one byte) |
+===================================+
0 | Host MAC Address |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
1 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
2 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
3 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
4 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
5 | |
+-----------------------------------+
6 | Host SAP |
+-----------------------------------+
7 | Client SAP |
+-----------------------------------+
8 | Broadcast Type |
+-----------------------------------+
9 | Reserved |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
10| |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
11| |
+-----------------------------------+
Figure 3-13. DATA_FRAME Data Format

The definition of the first 8 bytes is the same as the START_DL
frame. The Broadcast Type field indicates the type of broadcast
frames in use; Single Route Broadcast, All Route Broadcast, or
Directed. The target side will use the same broadcast type. In the
case of Directed frame, if the RIF information is known, the target
peer can send a directed frame. If not, a Single Route Broadcast
frame is sent.

3.4.6. CAP_XCHANGE Frame

In DRAP, the capability exchange frame is used to exchange the
client's information, such as its MAC address, with the server. If a
DRAP client has its own MAC address defined, it should put it in the
MAC address field. Otherwise, that field must be set to zero.

When the DRAP server receives the CAP_XCHANGE frame, it should cache
the MAC address if it is non zero. The DRAP server also verifies that
the MAC address is unique. The server should return a CAP_XCHANGE
response frame with the MAC address supplied by the client if the MAC



Chiang, et. al. Informational [Page 14]

RFC 2106 DLSRAP February 1997


address is accepted. If a client does not have its own MAC address,
the server should assign a MAC address to the client and put that
address in the CAP_XCHANGE command frame.

A client should record the new MAC address assigned by the server and
return a response with the assigned MAC address. If the client cannot
accept the assigned MAC address, another CAP_XCHANGE command with the
MAC address field set to zero should be sent to the server. The
server should allocate a new MAC address for this client.

During the capability exchange, both the client and the server can
send command frames. The process stops when either side sends a
CAP_XCHANGE response frame. When the response frame is sent, the MAC
address in the CAP_XCHANGE frame should be the same as the one in the
previous received command. The sender of the CAP_XCHANGE response
agrees to use the MAC address defined in the previous command.

The number of CAP_XCHANGE frames that need to be exchanged is
determined by the client and the server independently. When the
number of exchange frames has exceeded the pre-defined number set by
either the server or the client, the session should be brought down.

The flag is used to show the capability of the sender. The following
list shows the valid flags:

0x01 NetBIOS support. If a client sets this bit on, the server will
pass all NetBIOS explorers to this client. If this bit is not
set, only SNA traffic will be sent to this client.

0x02 TCP Listen Mode support. If a client supports TCP listen mode,
the server will keep the client's MAC and IP addresses even
after the TCP session is down. The cached information will be
used for server to connect out. If a client does not support
TCP listen mode, the cache will be deleted as soon as the TCP
session is down.

0x04 Command/Response. If this bit is set, it is a command,
otherwise, it is a response.

The values 0x01 and 0x02 are used only by the client. When a server
sends the command/response to a client, the server does not return
these values.

Starting with the Reserved field, implementors can optionally
implement the Capability Exchange Control Vector. Each Capability
Exchange Control Vector consists of three fields: Length (1 byte),
Type (1 byte), and Data (Length - 2 bytes). Two types of Control
Vectors are defined: SAP_LIST and VENDOR_CODE (described below). To



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ensure compatibility, implementors should ignore the unknown Control
Vectors instead of treating them as errors.

0x01 SAP_LIST. Length: 2+n bytes, where n ranges from 1 to 16.
This control vector lists the SAPs that the client can support.
The maximum number of SAPs a client can define is 16. Therefore,
the length of this Control Vector ranges from 3 to 18. If the
SAP_LIST is not specified in the capability exchange, the server
assumes that the client can support all the SAP values. For
example, if a client can only support SAP 4 and 8, then the
following Control Vectors should be sent: '0x04, 0x01, 0x04,
0x08'. The first byte indicates the length of 4. The second byte
indicates the control vector type of SAP_LIST. The last two bytes
indicate the supported SAP values; 0x04 and 0x08. This Control
Vector is used only by the client. If the server accepts this
Control Vector, it must return the same Control Vector to the
client.

0x02 VENDOR_CODE. Length: 6 bytes.
Each vendor is assigned a vendor code that identifies the vendor.
This Control Vector does not require a response.

After the receiver responds to a Control Vector, if the capability
exchange is not done, the sender does not have to send the same
Control Vector again.

+---------------+-----------------------+
| Field Name | Information |
+---------------+-----------------------+
| Message Type | 0x12 |
+---------------+-----------------------+
| Packet Length | 0x1C |
+---------------+-----------------------+
Figure 3-14. CAP_XCHANGE Header

















Chiang, et. al. Informational [Page 16]

RFC 2106 DLSRAP February 1997


+-----------------------------------+
| Field Name (Each row is one byte) |
+===================================+
0 | MAC Address |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
1 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
2 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
3 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
4 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
5 | |
+-----------------------------------+
6 | Flag |
+-----------------------------------+
7 | Reserved |
+-----------------------------------+
Figure 3-15. CAP_XCHANGE Data Format

3.4.7. CLOSE_PEER_REQ Frames

This frame is used for peer connection management and contains a
reason code field. The following list describes the valid reason
codes:

0x01 System shutdown. This indicates shutdown in progress.

0x02 Suspend. This code is used when there is no traffic between the
server and the client, and the server or the client wishes to
suspend the TCP session. When the TCP session is suspended, all
circuits should remain intact. The TCP session should be re-
established when new user data needs to be sent. When the TCP
session is re-established, there is no need to send the
CAP_XCHANGE frame again.

0x03 No MAC address available. This code is sent by the server when
there is no MAC address is available from the MAC address pool.

+---------------+-----------------------+
| Field Name | Information |
+---------------+-----------------------+
| Message Type | 0x13 |
+---------------+-----------------------+
| Packet Length | 0x08 |
+---------------+-----------------------+
Figure 3-16. CLOSE_PEER_REQ Header



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RFC 2106 DLSRAP February 1997


+-----------------------------------+
| Field Name (Each row is one byte) |
+===================================+
0 | Reason Code |
+-----------------------------------+
1 | Reserved |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
2 | |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
3 | |
+-----------------------------------+
Figure 3-17. CLOSE_PEER_REQ Data Format

3.4.8. CLOSE_PEER_RSP, PEER_TEST_REQ, and PEER_TEST_RSP Frames

These three frames are used for peer connection management. There is
no data associated with them.

o CLOSE_PEER_RSP
CLOSE_PEER_RSP is the response for CLOSE_PEER_REQ.

o PEER_TEST_REQ and PEER_TEST_RSP
PEER_TEST_REQ and PEER_TEST_RSP are used for peer level keepalive.
Implementing PEER_TEST_REQ is optional, but PEER_TEST_RSP must be
implemented to respond to the PEER_TEST_REQ frame. When a
PEER_TEST_REQ frame is sent to the remote station, the sender
expects to receive the PEER_TEST_RSP frame in a predefined time
interval (the recommended value is 60 seconds). If the
PEER_TEST_RSP frame is not received in the predefined time
interval, the sender can send the PEER_TEST_REQ frame again. If a
predefined number of PEER_TEST_REQ frames is sent to the remote
station, but no PEER_TEST_RSP frame is received (the recommended
number is 3), the sender should close the TCP session with this
remote station and terminate all associated circuits.


+---------------+-----------------------+
| Field Name | Information |
+---------------+-----------------------+
| Message Type | 0x14, 0x1D, or 0x1E |
+---------------+-----------------------+
| Packet Length | 0x04 |
+---------------+-----------------------+
Figure 3-18. CLOSE_PEER_RSP, PEER_TEST_REQ, and PEER_TEST_RSP DRAP







Chiang, et. al. Informational [Page 18]

RFC 2106 DLSRAP February 1997


4. References

[1] Wells, L., Chair, and A. Bartky, Editor, 'DLSw: Switch-to-Switch
Protocol', RFC 1795, October 1993.

[2] IEEE 802.1D Standard.

Authors' Addresses

Steve T. Chiang
InterWorks Business Unit
Cisco Systems, Inc.
170 Tasman Drive
San Jose, CA 95134

Phone: (408) 526-5189
EMail: schiang@cisco.com


Joseph S. Lee
InterWorks Business Unit
Cisco Systems, Inc.
170 Tasman Drive
San Jose, CA 95134

Phone: (408) 526-5232
EMail: jolee@cisco.com


Hideaki Yasuda
System Product Center
Network Products Department
Network Software Products Section B
Mitsubishi Electric Corp.
Information Systems Engineering Center
325, Kamimachiya Kamakura Kanagawa 247, Japan

Phone: +81-467-47-2120
EMail: yasuda@eme068.cow.melco.co.jp












Chiang, et. al. Informational [Page 19]




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