Linux and Psion HOWTO
This document describes how to use Psion palmtops with Linux, but does not cover running Linux on a Psion palmtop. See the
Linux on Psion Project for that.
Psion has been making PDA's for years. This document will concentrate on the Series 5* models, e.g. Series 5,
Series 5mx and Series 5mx PRO and the 32 bit EPOC operating system they come with, but there will be some crossover to older models such as the Series 3* and newer models such as the Series 7. There is also a little information about other
series at the end of this document.
The latest version of this document can be found at
http://home.pages.de/~lufthans/unix/docs/HOWTO/psion-HOWTO.html, but the main repository is the Linux Documentation Project (
Please send updates, corrections or suggestions to
There is a mailing list dedicated to using Psions with Linux and developing tools to enhance communication between them.
To subscribe, send a message to
plptools-developers-request@lists.SourceForge.net. John Schrader has put up a
searchable list of messages from Oct 1998 through Feb 1999.
There is also a mailing list dedicated to porting Linux to the Psion 5* models at
linux-7110-request@lists.SourceForge.net. An archive beginning 04Dec1999 is available at
Both mailing lists can be searched through the SourceForge interface.
(c) 1999-2000 Hans Kugler
This document may be distributed under the terms set forth in the LDP license at
http://www.linuxdoc.org/COPYRIGHT.html. The author reserves the right to release the document and all submissions under a different license in addition to the LDP license.
This document is provided ``AS IS'', with no express or implied warranties. Use the information in this document at your own risk.
Psion is a powerful Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) with pen-based touch screen as well as keyboard. There are several models. This HOWTO currently only covers the Series 5* models, e.g. Series 5, Series 5mx and Series 5mxPro.
There are several models of Psion PDAs. All have a foldout case where the screen is in the cover and opening the Psion causes the keyboard to jut out to a more usable position. They also feature the instant on and instant off capabilities of the EPOC operating system.
Psion 3* are older PDAs that still have a lot of functionality and still get sold new due to their meeting needs and being lower cost. This HOWTO doesn't currently cover the Psion 3* series.
Psion 5* has two main product lines with each having two models. The Psion series 5 has a green limited edition counterpart with no functional difference between itself and the standard Series 5. The series 5mxPro, however, has some fundamental differences from the Series 5mx.
All four of the Series 5* products have: compact flash, serial port, keyboard and stylus (for the touchscreen). They all operate on 2 AA batteries and have a backup battery to maintain state when changing out the main batteries. Check out
Akaev's site to take a tour of a dissected Series 5 classic.
Both of the Series 5 models as well as the Series 5mx have system ROMs where the EPOC operating system is stored. After boot they operate out of the RAM (8MB for the Series 5 models and 16MB for the Series 5mx). The Series 5mxPro, however, has no ROM and operates entirely out of its 24MB of RAM. This enables software upgrades to the Series 5mxPro, whereas the other 3 models must exchange hardware to update EPOC.
Psion has also released the Series 7, which is set to compete against the subnotebook class of PC, but running EPOC. They also have a Revo, which is smaller than the Series 5*.
Psion products are no longer available at retail stores in the US. They are available from retail shops in Europe as well as through mail order. Psion maintains a list of
mail order firms by country on their web site.
The Psions have both serial and infra red ports. Either can be used for connectivity, but most connectivity programs currently only have features for the serial port connection.
Armin Podtschaske x-rayed the "honda" connector.
Pin 1 is on the top and pin 15 is on the bottom. Only pins 2 through 8 and 15 are connected.
- Pin 2: RTS
- Pin 3: DTR
- Pin 4: TXD
- Pin 5: DSR
- Pin 6: DCD
- Pin 7: CTS
- Pin 8: RXD
- Pin 15: GND - Signal and Power ground
- Frame: GND - Shield frame ground
See Werner Heuser's
Infrared HOWTO for information about using the Linux IrDA driver with a Psion. It is possible to beam files from Psion 5 (mx) via Linux-IrDA to a Linux System. The irda-utils include a special client psion5.c which can beam files
There are two builtin software methods to use the communications ports. The first is the remote link,
<ctrl>-l from the main file menu, which can be set to serial, infrared or off.
EPOC also provides the program
comms. The remote link must be set to off for the
comms program to have access to the serial port.
plptools was originally developed by Fritz Elfert, who had merged plp and
p3nfs/p5nfs. plptools is currently being worked on by members of the PLP Tools project.
plptools comprises of 3 different programs. ncpd provides a socket connection to the Psion. plpnfsd provides mounted filesystem access to the Psion and plpftp provides ftp access to the Psion.
ncpd [-V] [-v logclass] [-d] [-p <port>] [-s <device>] [-b <baudrate>]
plpnfsd [-v] [-V] [-p port] [-d mountdir] [-u user]
First start ncpd get it to listen on a port (7501 by default) for connection requests. Then, start either plpnfsd or plpftp. plpnfsd defaults to mount the Psion under /mnt/psion.
p3nfs mounts the psion drives over the serial cable at /psion.stand/mnt, by default.
Matt Gumbley originally started
ncp for use with his Psion Series 3. Now that he's working on
plptools, you should use that :). However, ncp might still be of interest to users of a Psion Series 3, which this HOWTO doesn't cover :). Matt's ncp page also has information about the plp protocol.
Psiconv translates Psion Word documents or TextEd files (as used by the OPL editor, for example) to HTML (3.2 or 4.0) or plain text. It can also translate Sketch files and MBM files to almost any graphics format. A description of the Psion files formats is also included.
psiontobbdb converts Psion vcard format from from the EPOC Contacts application to emacs BBDB format.
psiontognomecard converts Psion vcard format from from the EPOC Contacts application GnomeCard vcard format.
kab2psion is a small utility written in perl to create a CSV file from the KDE addressbook.
PsiLin (in French,
short english version) is a GTK-based graphical frontend for many programs which connect Linux to Psion. It also works for Series 3*.
The EPOC SDK works on Linux via WINE, see Olaf Flebbe's
web page for instructions on how to get it working.
xmakesys is a perl utilility that parses Psion's .pkg files and outputs .sis files.
hermes is a fully featured vt100 emulator.
Olaf Flebbe has
perl running under EPOC.
Duncan Booth has
python running under EPOC. (link currently down)
Otfried Cheong also has a port of
python for EPOC.
Tim Wentford has gotten
Bprolog working on the Psion 5*.
Nick Murray has created
Shell5, which is a command line interpreter which allows basic file operations as well as some sophisticated functions such as command history, filename expansion, batch file support, input and output redirection, pipe like feature :), aliases and shell variables, keyboard remapping and macros and UNIX or DOS syntax for pathnames.
E-shell comes with the SDK and is a DOS-like shell environment from the EPOC SDK. It provides ways to launch programs from a command line; to check for file system corruption; to create, edit and display plain text files; to check on currently active processes and threads. The former link to download the shell itself has been removed.
c2f converts the Psion contact file to a comma delimited format.
Akaev has disassembled several handhelds and made lots of pictures available as tours.
Series 5 inside
Series 5mx x-ray 1
Series 5mx x-ray 2
Series 5 disassembly
Series 5 monitor disassembly
Psion File Formats
Frodo Looijaard has released information about the
information he's garnered from reverse engineering various Psion file formats.
PLP and NCP
Matt Gumbley has released some
information about the
PLP, Psion Link Protocol, and
SIS and PLP
Alexander Thoukydides has released some information about
sis files as well as the
PLP, Psion Link Protocol.
As I said earlier, this HOWTO doesn't cover the Series 3 ( e.g. 3/3a/3c/3mx/Sienna ), however, as I run into information, I will try to place it here anyway. This section will probably never be organized (unless someone else keeps it uptodate), but it still might contain useful information.
above mounts the psion drives over the serial cable at /psion.stand/mnt, by default.
nfsc is a VT100 emulator from Rudolf König.
Nick Murray has created
Shell3a, which is a command line interpreter which allows basic file operations as well as some sophisticated functions such as command history, filename expansion, batch file support, input and output redirection, pipe like feature :), aliases and shell variables, keyboard remapping and macros and UNIX or DOS syntax for pathnames.
PsiLin, mentioned in the Series 5* sections, also supports Series 3*
arb's Psion Software
utilities for Series 3* from arb.
Zerlegeanleitung Psion Serie 3a, e.g. Disassembling a Series 3a (in German only)
A naked Series 3
Series 3 x-ray
Psion Link Protocol (for Psion 3)
Series 3 FAQ: